Types of Autoimmune Disorders

There are many different types of autoimmune diseases, with numbers literally in the hundreds. For almost every different type of body cell, there is almost certainly an autoimmune disease where the body’s own immune cells attack that cell.

Common and well-known autoimmune diseases include:

Some of the other autoimmune diseases include:

  • Dermatomyositis
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Autoimmune myocarditis
  • Autoimmune pemphigus (pemphigoid)
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Polymyositis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis
  • Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis)
  • Autoimmune uveitis
  • Wegener’s granulomatosis
  • Autoimmune Angioedema
  • Erythema nodosum
  • Autoimmune Oophoritis
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Ménière's disease
  • Behçet's disease
  • Transverse myelitis

And that’s probably just the short list. There really are hundreds of diseases in the autoimmune category.

There are some disorders that are not entirely autoimmune, but where autoimmunity may play a role. For example, an initial infection may result in a hyper-immune state leading to an autoimmune reaction. Some such examples include:

The analysis of whether a disorder is autoimmune or not is an ongoing issue in medical research. Various disorders have autoimmune and non-autoimmune variants.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.