Brain Disorders: Overview

A variety of brain disorders can occur, and many are very serious such as stroke or brain tumor. Any type of brain injury can cause brain hemorrhage or concussion (post-concussion syndrome). Many types of Psychiatric Disorders are related to the brain (e.g. Schizophrenia). There is a distinction between Psychiatric Disorders, Psychological Disorders (e.g. Emotional Disorders; Personality Disorders), and Neurological Disorders. Infection of the brain is called encephalitis and more generally brain lesions are called encephalopathy. Different types of brain conditions may affect other sensory systems or nerve pathways that they control (e.g. sensory disorders, vision disorders, hearing disorders, etc.). Various simple conditions are also somewhat related to the brain, such as headache and migraine.

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