Cerebral Palsy: Overview

Cerebral Palsy (CP) refers to permanent brain damage at birth or in early childhood that causes movement disorders, such as spastic disorders with muscle stiffness and involuntary muscle spasms. Although birth injury due to inadequate oxygen is a well-known cause, there are many other causes including a fetal disorder, neonatal jaundice, head injury, meningitis, encephalitis, or similar causes of brain damage. Cerebral palsy is not a progressive disorder, and the symptoms are those resulting from early brain damage, with great variation depending on the exact nature of the brain damage.

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