Dehydration is a lack of adequate fluid in the body. Dehydration is a dangerous complication of various infections, and can be especially dangerous to infants and the elderly. Hot weather or excessive exercise or exertion can contribute to dehydration. Dehydration is a concern with any condition causing high fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or blood loss. Insidious forms of dehydration can arise in undiagnosed diseases such as internal bleeding, diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and kidney failure. Dehydration can cause dangerous electrolyte imbalance, and can even be life-threatening. Treatment is by replacement of water along with special drinks to replace lost electrolytes (salts, glucose, etc.), or hospitalization and intravenous fluids in severe cases.
- Diabetes: Diabetes is a metabolic disease where the body loses the ability to properly process sugars (glucose). The full medical name
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- Diabetes Insipidus: Diabetes insipidus is a disorder of the pituitary gland and kidneys. Its hallmark symptom is extreme volume of clear (insipid)
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- Kidney Failure: Kidney failure is inadequate function of the kidneys, also called renal failure. Kidney failure may be acute or chronic.
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- Infection: Infection refers to the body reacting to a microbe or pathogen. It is somewhat distinct from “inflammation” but there is
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- Diarrhea: Diarrhea has many possible causes, of which the most likely is probably infectious gastroenteritis, causing diarrhea often with nausea and
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- Vomiting: Vomiting, also called emesis, is a very common symptom. It is often related to nausea and commonly caused by a
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- Electrolyte imbalance: An electrolyte imbalance occurs when the various mineral electrolytes in the body are abnormally imbalanced. Levels may be too low
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