Esophagitis: Overview

Esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus, which is the tube from the throat to the stomach, also called the “gullet”. The esophagus can be inflamed by chemicals, by infection, and by the stomach acid in reflux. Chemical esophagitis is caused by accidentally swallowing corrosive chemicals. Narrowing of the esophagus called esophageal stricture may occur as a complication. Medication esophagitis occurs if a tablet gets stuck in the esophagus. Reflux esophagitis is caused by acid reflux from the stomach, especially in the chronic form called GERD. Barrett’s esophagitis results from esophagus injury in many cases. Other types of esophagitis are more common in immunocompromised patients: candida esophagitis and herpes simplex virus esophagitis.

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