GERD: Overview

GERD, or Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease, is chronic disorder of recurring episodes of reflux and heartburn. Symptoms include chronic reflux, regurgitation, acid reflux, heartburn, bitter taste in mouth, and additional symptoms such as breath odor, sore throat, throat clearing, cough, and hoarse voice. Complications include Esophagitis (Barrett’s Esophagus), Esophageal Stricture, and Peptic Ulcer Disease. Differential diagnosis includes other causes of vomiting (e.g. there are various other causes in infants), and other causes of chest pain (e.g. heart attack), along with underlying causes of reflux such as gastric motility disorders (e.g. gastroparesis) or gastrointestinal obstruction.

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