Gingivitis: Overview

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums in the mouth. Symptoms include red gums, swollen gums, bleeding gums, gum tenderness, and breath odor (halitosis). Complications include dental abscess, pyorrhea, periodontitis, and acute ulcerative necrotising gingivitis (also called “trench mouth” or Vincent’s disease). Gingivitis is mainly caused by poor dental hygiene alone, but may also occur in diabetes, leukemia, malnutrition, scurvy, pellagra, and other disorders. Treatment options include rest, dietary improvements, mouthwashes, dental cleaning (removal of plaque), and sometimes antibiotic medications.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.