Lupus usually refers to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), often abbreviated to just Lupus Erythematosus or Lupus. However, there are other lesser known types of lupus such as Discoid Lupus. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a disease from inflammation of the connective tissues in the body and around the organs. It is believed to be an autoimmune disease, caused by the body’s own immune system mistakenly attacking the connective tissue cells. The typical patient is a woman aged 15 to 40.
SLE varies greatly in symptoms and severity depending on exactly which connective tissues of what organs are attacked. Some cases of SLE are so mild that they remain undiagnosed with only mild or vague symptoms. Other cases can be life-threatening if the connective tissue of the heart or kidneys are attacked. Some people may have a sudden attack of severe symptoms. Other people may find that symptoms develop slowly over years, or come and go in bouts or “attacks” of lupus symptoms.
Although symptoms vary, there are a few common symptom patterns. A characteristic “butterfly” shaped rash over the nose and cheeks is a common lupus symptom. Symptoms of lupus may include generally vague symptoms such as: fever, chills, tiredness, fatigue, weakness, muscle aches, or just generally feeling unwell.
Other symptoms may include a mottled redness on the palms, fingers and fingernails; cold sensitivity of the fingers; patchy hair loss (alopecia areata), joint aches and joint pain, mouth and nose ulcers, enlarged lymph nodes, and various other symptoms.
Additional symptoms can also arise when a particular organ or region is attacked, causing particular symptoms of complications such as: pleurisy (inflammation of the pleura), pericarditis (inflammation of the lining of the heart), glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys), enlarged spleen (splenomegaly), and brain inflammation symptoms.
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- Autoimmune Disorders: Autoimmune disorders are diseases where the body’s own immune system attacks good body cells, resulting in disease. There are
... More on Autoimmune Disorders »
- Pleurisy: Pleurisy is an inflammation of the membrane around the lungs, called the “pleura”. Typical symptoms are severe chest pain, that
... More on Pleurisy »
- Pericarditis: Pericarditis is a heart inflammation, caused by inflammation of the membrane around the heart (the pericardium). Other types of heart
... More on Pericarditis »
- Glomerulonephritis: Glomerulonephritis is a kidney inflammation (nephritis), affecting the glomeruli filtering units in the kidney. Glomerulonephritis may be caused by a
... More on Glomerulonephritis »
- Viral Infections: Viral infections are caused by viruses, which are tiny microbes that spread in the body. Viruses are actually made up
... More on Viral Infections »
- Vague Symptoms
- Muscle pain
- Joint Pain
- Swollen Lymph Nodes
- Spleen Enlargement
- Butterfly Rash
- Physical Symptoms
- Thyroid Symptoms
Related Disease Topics
- Autoimmune Disorders
- Viral Infections
- Lyme Disease
- Addison’s Disease
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Chronic Fatigue Syndromes
- Vitamin B12 Deficiency
- Polymyalgia Rheumatica
- Raynaud’s Syndrome
Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.