Osteoarthritis: Overview

Osteoarthritis is the main type of arthritis, which is degenerative and usually associated with aging. It is distinct from other types of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) or infectious arthritis. Osteoarthritis may affect numerous different joints of the body, but often is found in the knees, hips, or spine. Symptoms include joint pain, joint stiffness, swollen joints, joint redness, and other signs of joint inflammation. Progression includes joint noises, the feeling of bones grating together, and laxness of joint ligaments. Joints may become unstable or joints may lock. Bony overgrowth can occur at joint sites. Treatment of arthritis involves many issues but some of the options include rest, exercise, physiotherapy, anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroid medications or injections into the joint, and various surgical options.

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