Pre-Diabetes: Overview

Pre-diabetes is an early mild form of Type 2 Diabetes, where the blood has higher levels of glucose than normal, but not yet high enough to be considered to be diabetes. Pre-diabetes has the proper medical name of Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT). It is quite common with estimates of undiagnosed diabetes or pre-diabetes reaching up to 4% of the population (that’s 1 person in 25). Symptoms are usually so mild that a person is unaware of the condition until they are screened for diabetes (see Diagnosis of Diabetes). Pre-diabetes can usually be treated with diet, exercise and lifestyle changes (i.e. no pills, no insulin). If successful, these treatment plans can often prevent its progression to full Type 2 Diabetes for years or decades. However, pre-diabetes is never really “cured” by these lifestyle changes, it is simply dormant or slow-progressing; the risk of progression to Type 2 Diabetes remains if the patients discontinues proper treatment of Pre-diabetes.

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