Vertigo: Overview

Vertigo is the sensation that the room is spinning and of being out of balance. It is a more severe symptom than dizziness or giddiness. An attack of vertigo usually causes the person to have nausea and vomiting, and may be unable to stand. The cause of vertigo is a disorder affecting the balance organs in the ear, or a disorder of the parts of the brain processing this information. Simple causes include motion sickness and alcohol intoxication. Vertigo may also be caused by stroke, transient ischemic attacks, inner ear infection (labyrynthitis), middle ear infection (otitis media), encephalitis, or reactions to certain drugs and medications. Meniere’s Disease is a chronic ear disorder that causes recurring attacks of vertigo (along with other symptoms such as deafness and tinnitus). Tumors such as an Acoustic Neuroma can cause vertigo.

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