Balance symptoms Overview

Balance symptoms include giddiness, dizziness, and vertigo. Dizziness is a milder feeling of imbalance or faintness, whereas vertigo refers to the sensation that the room is spinning. Causes include intoxication, anxiety attacks, disorders of the ear (balance organs inside the ear) and of the brain areas that process balance information. Simple causes include alcohol intoxication and motion sickness. Ear disorders include ear infections (labyrynthitis, middle ear infection), and chronic ear disorders (e.g. Meniere’s disease, Acoustic Neuroma). Brain conditions include brain injury, brain infection, encephalitis, concussion, etc. Heart and circulatory disorders causing feelings of dizziness or other balance symptoms include arrhythmias (e.g. sick sinus syndrome, tachycardia, palpitations, etc.), angina, pulmonary embolism, and others. Some systemic disorders can also cause dizziness, such as anemia, polycythemia, ectopic pregnancy, and many others.

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