Causes of Hoarse Voice

Hoarse voice can be caused by a variety of causes. Various simple circumstances can strain or damage the voice. And a variety of different diseases can cause indirect damage to the voice.

Simple Causes: A number of common situations can cause damage to the larynx, which is often reversible in many of these instances, such as:

Physical Voice Box Injury: In addition to injury to the larynx from coughing, cigarettes or alcohol, some other possibilities are:

  • Smoke inhalation
  • Occupational smoke exposure
  • Chemical fume inhalation
  • Foreign body in throat
  • Tracheal injury (Throat injury; Neck injury)
  • Aspiration injury

Reflux or Vomiting: The acid in the stomach can damage the larynx if it comes up the esophagus from reflux, regurgitation, or vomiting. Causes include:

Infectious Causes: Various infections can cause hoarseness, such as:

Larynx Disorders: In addition to infection (laryngitis), there are various larynx disorders that can cause hoarseness:

  • Vocal cord polyp
  • Vocal cord nodule
  • Singerís nodes
  • Vocal cord paralysis
  • Laryngeal leukoplakia
  • Larynx cancer (larynx carcinoma)
  • Larynx Disorders (all types)

Systemic and Endocrine Disorders: Various diseases with general symptoms in many areas can affect the larynx as one of the complications, such as:

Nerve Disorders: Various disorders of the nerves may cause damage to the voice, causing vocal nerve paralysis or hoarseness:

Congenital Causes: Although uncommon, congenital abnormalities can cause hoarseness, such as:

  • Laryngocele
  • Dysphonia plicae ventricularis
  • Congenital Larynx Defects

Other Causes: There are various other causes of a hoarse voice:

Similar Symptoms: See also the causes of other related or similar symptoms:

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.