Causes of Sore throat

Simple non-disease causes of a sore throat, mostly from a “dry throat”, include:

  • Smoking and smoke inhalation (secondary smoke)
  • Alcohol ingestion
  • Mouth breathing
  • Voice overuse (e.g. singing, shouting)
  • Fume inhalation (e.g. cleaning products)

Respiratory Disorders: Infectious causes of sore throat include:

Throat Infections: infectious disorders of the throat (rather than the entire respiratory system) include:

Reflux may result in injury to the throat, causing throat pain, such as in:

Physical trauma causes of throat pain include:

  • Throat injury
  • Scalding injury (swallowed hot fluids)
  • Chemical injury (swallowed chemicals)
  • Smoke inhalation
  • Chemical fume inhalation (e.g. ammonia cleaning products)
  • Foreign body in throat
  • Tonsil foreign body
  • Sinus foreign body

An abscess in various regions of the throat and nearby structures may cause throat pain, such as:

  • Peritonsillar abscess
  • Pharyngomaxillary space abscess
  • Retropharyngeal abscess

Other non-infectious causes of sore throat include:

Tumors or cancers may cause throat pain, such as:

  • Throat cancer
  • Tonsil cancer
  • Larynx cancer
  • Tongue cancer

Other causes include:

  • Intubation (side-effect)
  • Throat surgery (e.g. tonsillectomy)

See also causes of other similar symptoms, such as:

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.